Minimising our environmental impact

We are committed to monitoring and minimising our environmental impacts. We continue to make our operations more energy efficient and environmentally responsible.

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of this generation. Scientific consensus is that climate change is being caused by an increase in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions primarily resulting from human activities.

The impacts of higher average global temperatures from climate change include increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events and temperatures, accelerated biodiversity loss, water scarcity and sea level rise. The impacts of climate change will vary by region, affecting millions of people and their livelihoods, and threatening global economic stability.

The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement is a global commitment to keep Earth’s temperatures below 2ᴼC. A recently released Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report stresses the importance of staying within 1.5ᴼC of warming to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. The report states that at current rates, we will hit 1.5ᴼC warming within the next decade. This means action to reduce GHG emissions is imperative now.

At Hikma, we recognise the challenge climate change presents and we welcome the Paris Climate Agreement to limit global warming to less than 2ºC. We are committed to reducing our climate impact and improving the resilience of our business in the face of future climate change. As a result, we are working collaboratively across the business to improve the efficiency and sustainability of our operations, products and services.

Human health is closely linked to the health of our planet and climate change is having a negative effect on our natural environment. The impacts putting human health and wellbeing at risk include heat stress, increased flood risk, food insecurity, air pollution, changing patterns of infectious disease and greater levels of environment-driven migration.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), climate change is expected to cause approximately 250,000 additional deaths each year from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress between 2030 and 2050[1]. It also presents a threat to respiratory health, both by directly promoting or aggravating respiratory diseases and by increasing exposure to risk factors for respiratory diseases[2].

The impacts not be uniform across the global and some areas will feel the impact more than others. For example, in the Middle East reports suggest that higher temperatures could reduce worker and increase mortality rates[3]. Similarly, climate change is expected to impact food production and the nutrient profile of food crops. Estimates suggest an additional 175 million people could become nutrient deficient as a result of higher global temperatures, with people in South and Southeast Asia, Africa and the Middle East at greatest risk.

For further more information:

1WHO Climate change and health

2ERS publications - Climate change and respiratory disease

3gLAWcal - The impact of climate change on health in MENA region


Overall our GHG emissions from direct fuel usage and electricity consumption (Scope 1 and 2) decreased by 6% year on year, from
128,277 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) in 2018 to 120,462 tCO2e in 2019.

Our reported greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from direct fuel usage (Scope 1) decreased by 24% in 2019, compared with
2018. This is partly due to consuming less petrol and diesel in our fleet vehicles as we utilise a growing number of hybrid and electric
vehicles. We have also reduced our
dependence on fuels, particularly natural gas and diesel consumption, as we continue to drive efficiency and clean energy alternatives.

Our GHG emissions from electricity
consumption (Scope 2) increased by 1.7%
in 2019 compared to 2018, but remained 1.1% below 2017 emissions. Increases between 2018 and 2019 are partly due to growing electrification of our production. Despite
the expansion of many of our facilities,
investments in energy efficiency ensured electricity consumption only grew marginally.

* Emissions from the consumption of electricity are reported in tonnes of carbon dioxide (tCO2) rather than tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) since the International Energy Agency emission factors for electricity currently account for carbon dioxide emissions only

* Emissions are calculated in alignment with the WRI’s Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard 

Our aim is to continue improving our energy efficiency and to measure our progress through several benchmarks that provide a balanced view of our environmental performance.

In line with our commitment to improve the scope and accuracy of our environmental reporting, we report indirect emissions (scope 3) from waste management and water consumption and treatment. By expanding our performance monitoring and reporting, we aim to create the platform to deliver efficiency improvements in the future.